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Stone Age to Iron Age
Both Europe and Asia were still covered in ice and Neanderthals had to learn to cope with this in order to survive there.
They did this by making clothes from animal hides. In order to do this they developed more complex tools, often from flint which is a type of stone that produces a sharp edge when crafted properly.
Neanderthals would still have been living in caves where possible and fire was absolutely essential for survival against both the cold and predators.
Archaeologists think that Neanderthals were the first of the hominids that actively tried to care for sick members of their groups. They were also the first to bury their dead in a ceremonial fashion, placing flowers in the grave and marking the burial site with animal horns.
It was around one hundred thousand years ago that the first Homo sapiens appeared in Europe, Asia and Africa.
These were called Neanderthals and they had brains pretty much the same size as we have today.
Their bodies were stronger than Homo erectus and they had significantly less body hair than their predecessors.