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The most notable feature of Ancient Egyptian architecture is the lack of wood. This is due to the fact that Egypt is 95% desert. The two dominant building materials used are stone and mud-bricks.

 

Most of the buildings built from mud-bricks are long gone, either having been worn away over time or washed away in the floods. The mud used to form the bricks was taken from the Nile and would have been used to build the houses of the common people.

Those structures built of stone have survived much more successfully. Take the pyramids, for example, they were built of sandstone and granite which was quarried nearby on the West side of the Nile whilst the limestone that was used to give the pyramids a shining white face (which has since worn away) was quarried on the other side of the river and then ferried across.

 

Many of the Egyptians' most sacred buildings were built in alignment with various constellations and meridian lines or equinoxes and solstices. These calculations required great skill.

The art of Ancient Egypt was highly stylized and symbolic.

 

We have examples of Egyptian art on tomb walls, pottery, copper items and also on papyrus. The usual themes would be the Pharaoh and their power to rule, the gods and goddesses and the animals associated with them.

 

The colours that were used would represent various traits - red skin implied vigorous youthfulness, black was for the fertility of the Nile and blue and gold were an indication of divinity.

Art and Architecture

What colours do you like to paint with? Do they mean anything?

Ancient Egyptian Pottery Mud brick house